If you determine it’s time for assisted living of some kind, you will need to assess how much care is needed. A physician’s exam and counseling can help with this assessment. Once the level of care is decided, you can begin the process of choosing a facility that will fit your situation.
The level of care needed will also help you determine the type of care facility you will need to research more thoroughly
How do I know when it is time to consider finding a facility for an aging family member?
- If the individual is currently living alone, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to do so safely while meeting daily needs such as eating.
- If the individual is currently receiving informal care given by you or another family member.
- If the individual is currently receiving in-home care.
What are the different types of long-term care facilities?
- Independent Living
- Assisted Living
- Supportive Living
- Board and Care Home
- Nursing Home
- Alzheimer’s/Dementia Unit
- Memory Care
Pay sources for nursing homes:
- Medicare – following a hospital stay of 3 days or more
- Medicaid – for people who meet low income and asset/resource eligibility requirements
- Private Pay – over time may become eligible for Medicaid if enough assets are “spent-down” or depleted
- Medigap/Supplemental Insurance
- Long-term Care Insurance
What should we look for in the facility itself?
- Is the environment well-decorated and homelike?
- Does the lobby have comfortable furniture?
- Are residents occupying the lobby?
- Are the hallways decorated?
- Is there a daily activity calendar posted for residents to see?
- Do the residents’ rooms display personal belongings?
- What furniture comes with the room?
Does the building and areas look clean?
- Is the facility odor free? Does it remain that way throughout the entire tour of the facility?
- Do you see spills on the floor that have not been cleaned up?
- Are the bed linens free of soil or stains?
- Do the residents’ bathroom and shower areas look clean?
- Are the residents’ rooms reasonably neat and clean?
- Do they look “lived in” and a place where activity goes on?
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